Gateway Commercial Finance

How to Record Invoice Factoring Transactions in 3 Easy Steps – Accounting

Bookkeeping for Invoice Factoring Transactions

Is your business or your clients factoring accounts receivables? Learn to easily perform the appropriate accounting journal entries for invoice factoring transactions.


This blog post is designed to aid with the appropriate accounting treatment related to the factoring of receivables with recourse between a Factoring Company (a.k.a Factor) and Your Business.

recording factoring transactions

Below I provide a three-step example.

  • In Step One, there is a detailed example of the initial sale of receivables owned by Your Business and the subsequent accounting treatment.
  • In Step Two, we have the accounting treatment related to the associated factoring fees and sales discounts taken by customers for timely payments to you, for example, the 2% discount taken when bills are paid within ten days of the invoice date.
  • Finally, in Step Three, I exemplify the settlement of the sold receivables from Step One.

Note: Please be aware this example is basic and does not go into all of the transactions that impact the asset account on your business’s books, “ Due from Factor.” However, this step-by-step example will provide a solid starting point that your accountant or QuickBooks professional can use to record the transactions associated with invoice factoring appropriately.

Let’s begin with our example.

Let us pretend your business has $100,000 of accounts receivables outstanding and needs cash to start a new project, make payroll, increase working capital, etc.

As a result of your cash needs, the decision is made to sell your receivables, commonly known as factoring your receivables, with a factoring company.

After engaging in a factoring agreement with a Factoring Company, you are ready to sell your $100,000 of outstanding receivables.

bookkeeping receivable factoring

You agree to the following as part of the contract between Your Business and the Factor.

  • The Factoring Company assesses a finance charge of 3%.
  • The Factoring Company will retain 20% of the gross accounts receivable purchased as a reserve account. Your accountant will record this account on your company’s books as an asset account called “Due from Factor.”
  • Your Business handles all returned goods, allowances, and disputes concerning shipments and products sold to customers.
  • In collecting cash, the Factoring Company acknowledges sales discounts but charges the cost of acknowledged sales discounts to the asset account, “Due from Factor.”

Here Are This Example’s Assumptions:

  • 3% Financing Fee
  • 20% Reserve Requirement
  • Sales Discounts= $5,000 during the cash collection
  • Fees= $1000

Factoring Transactions Bookkeeping Step One

In the first step, Your Business will receive $77,000 in cash from the Factoring Company and record a “Loss on the Sale” of the receivables for $3,000 as a result of the initial 3% financing fee charged by the Factoring Company on the total amount of the gross receivables purchased.

invoice factoring bookkeeping step one

The Factoring Company owns the receivable accounts you just sold to the Factor.

As a result, your accountant/bookkeeper will take the receivables off your books with a credit entry for the gross amount of receivables sold to the Factoring Company.

Further, Your Business will record a “Due from Factor” asset account for $20,000 when receivables are sold to the Factoring Company. This represents the Reserve amount established with the Factoring Company ($100,000 * 20% Reserve Requirement).

Factoring Transactions Bookkeeping Step Two

Transactions during January resulted in cash collections of $90,000, sales discounts of $5,000, and factoring fees of $1000.

In Step Two, Your Business will reduce the asset account “Due from Factor” by a total of $6,000, which results from sales discounts of $5,000 taken by customers of your business and from $1,000 in fees charged to Your Business by the Factoring Company.

invoice factoring bookkeeping step two

Note: This is just an example. The actual make-up of fees charged to Your Business by the Factoring Company is specific to the terms of the contract between you and the factor, and they are out of the scope of this article.

Factoring Transactions Bookkeeping Step Three

Final Settlement of the account between Your Business and the Factoring Company on January 31st

Finally, in Step Three, the Factoring Company has collected the final payment for all receivables sold by Your Business in Step One.

At settlement, the Factoring Company will remit, in cash, the remainder of the liability account due your business minus any applicable fees.

Accordingly, Your Business will increase/debit cash for the remainder distributed by the Factoring Company and reduce/credit the asset account, “due from factor,” by the same amount the cash account was increased or debited.

invoice factoring bookkeeping step three

*Please be aware that your business absorbs the cost of sales discounts, sales returns, allowances, and any uncollectible accounts.

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